Phonics – Phase 5


More information on each phonics phase, including sound clips, can be found by clicking here:

Intro – Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3Phase 4Phase 5


In Phase 5, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. They will learn that most phonemes (sounds) can be spelled in more than one way. For example the f sound can be written as f as in fan or ff as in puff or ph as in photo.

This develops their knowledge of spelling choices. They will continue with this spelling work into year 2 and beyond.

They will learn that most letters and combinations of letters (graphemes) can represent more than one sound. For example, the grapheme ea can be read as /ee/ as in leaf or /e/ as in bread.

Tricky Words
Oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked, could

Ways to support your child at home:

  • Look for words with a certain sound in them, read the words together and identify which letters are making that sound. For example the /ai/ sound can be found in rain, day or make and is represented by different letters.

    Play phoneme hangman- ask your child how to play or feel free to come and ask your child’s Teacher.

    Play scrabble or other word games with you child.


These are the recordings of the first sounds, or phonemes we teach your child at school during Phase 5:

You can listen to all of the letter sounds as recorded by our Year 1 teacher Mrs Gladen. They are listed here in the order that they are taught.

ay (crayon)


ou (cloud)


ie (tie)


ea (beads)


oy (boy)


ir (girl)


ue (glue)


ue (queue)


aw (saw)


wh (whistle)


ph (elephant)


ew (pew)


ew (screw)


oe (toe)


au (haunted)


ey (key)


a-e (snake)


e-e (even)


i-e (slide)


o-e (bone)


u-e (flute)


u-e (cube)


More information on each phonics phase, including sound clips, can be found by clicking here:

Intro – Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3Phase 4Phase 5

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