Phonics – Phase 3

More information on each phonics phase, including sound clips, can be found by clicking here:

Intro – Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3Phase 4Phase 5


The purpose of this phase is to:

  • Teach more graphemes, most of which are made up of two letter, e.g. ‘oa’ as in boat.

    Practise blending and segmenting a wider set of CVC words (See phase 1 & 2), e.g. fizz, chip, sheep, light.

    Learn all the letter names and begin to form them correctly.

    Read more tricky words and begin to spell some of them.

    Read and write words and phrases.

CVC words containing graphemes made of two or more letters
Here are some examples of words they will be reading. They will be practising reading and writing words like these daily.
Tail, week, right, soap, food, book, park, burn, cord, town, soil.

Tricky words
The number of tricky words that the children learn to read and spell is expanding: he, she, we, me, be, was, my, you, her, they, all.

Ways to support your child at home:

  • Sing an alphabet song together.

    Play ‘I spy’, using letter names as well as sounds.

    Continue to play with magnetic letters, using some of the two grapheme combinations.

    r-ai-n= rain blending for reading rain= r-ai-n segmenting for spelling

    h-ur-t= hurt blending for reading hurt= h-ur-t segmenting for spelling

    b-oa-t= boat blending for reading boat= b-oa-t segmenting for spelling

    Praise them for trying out words.

    Ask teachers for a list of tricky words to practise with your child.

    Call out a word at a time and get your child to spell it on a magic board or a small whiteboard- remember they can use magnetic letters.

    Play ‘pairs’, turning over two words at a time trying to find a matching pair. This is especially helpful with the 100 high frequency words or the tricky words.


These are the recordings of the first sounds, or phonemes we teach your child at school during Phase 3:

You can listen to all of the letter sounds as recorded by our Year 1 teacher Mrs Gladen. They are listed here in the order that they are taught.

j (jelly)


v (volcano)


w (watch)


x (fox)


y (yoyo)


z (zebra)


zz (fizz)


qu (queen)


ch (chicken)


sh (shoe)


th (thumb)


ng (ring)


ai (rain)


ee (leek)


igh (night)


oa (goat)


oo (moon)


oo (book)


ar (card)


or (fork)


ur (burger)


ow (cow)


oi (coin)


ear (beard)


air (chair)


ure (pure)


er (rubber)


More information on each phonics phase, including sound clips, can be found by clicking here:

Intro – Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3Phase 4Phase 5

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Site last updated December 6, 2019 @ 9:47 am; This content last updated November 14, 2016 @ 12:32 pm